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Tropical storms Chedza and Fundi hit Madagascar

13 February 2015

Double the average rainfall has been falling on Madagascar since early January. This has caused serious flooding and landslides in several locations on the island, including Antananarivo, the capital which is prone to flooding. The situation has been compounded further by two tropical storms which have brought further flooding to the island.

The Malagasy government and its humanitarian partners are currently seeking further support from the international community to rebuild damaged infrastructure and strengthen preparedness measures. Pre-positioned relief supplies are already exhausted, severely weakening the country’s capacity to respond to any new or worsening humanitarian situations. The peak of the cyclone season occurs in February and March so further tropical storms are expected to hit the island over the coming weeks. The Prime Minister of Madagascar has estimated the damage at more than $40 million, and said major flooding had "caused massive degradation of key infrastructure".

The European Commission Humanitarian Aid Department has published a map dated 23 January 2014, showing detailed information about the storm damage.

Tropical Storm Chedza

Chedza struck Madagascar on 16 & 17 January 2015. It caused Antananarivo’s pump station, which gets rid of rain and flood waters across the city, to stop working causing surrounding river levels to increase further. As a result of this, a red alert (or immediate danger warning) was issued.

Storm damage details:

·    Over 80,000 people remain affected by cyclone Chedza according to the Malagasy Red Cross Society.

·    Over 40,000 people accessed evacuation centres. 20,000 people still remain in these centres, including 16,000 in Antananarivo.

·    The death toll currently stands at 80, with another 9 people still missing as of 7 February.

·    4,430 houses were destroyed, of which 2,000 are in the south-eastern region of Vatovavy Fitovinany.

·    The worst hit regions were Vatovavy Fitovinany and Atsimo Atsinanana in the southern Region, Analamanga, which includes the capital Antananarivo, in the central Region and Menabe in the western Region.

·    Water supply and sanitation have been flooded (19 in total) and contaminated (5 in total) according to the Malagasy Red Cross Society.

·    There is an increased risk of water-borne diseases, particularly in areas with significant flooding such as Antananarivo.

·    119 water points have been flooded.

·    52 health infrastructures have been damaged.

·    969 schools/classrooms have been damaged or flooded.

·    9,922 hectares of rice fields have been flooded.

Tropical Storm Fundi

Fundi slowly crossed the Channel of Mozambique and skirted south-western Madagascar, without making landfall, on 6-8 February 2015. It then continued its way towards open waters in the southern Indian Ocean.

Storm damage details:

·    Western Madagascar received particularly heavy rainfall, with 108mm measured over a 24 hour period in Tulear over 7-8 February.

·    Informal settlements around the cities of Toliara and Morombe have been flooded.

·    Current estimates suggest that around 2,000 people have been displaced.

·    About 2,400 houses have been flooded.

·    Some damaged to infrastructure has been reported.

·    The Fiherenana river remains below alert levels while the dyke protecting the city of Toliara is stable.

·    Those displaced are expected to return to their homes within a few days.

Guidance for those travelling to or working in the areas affected

·    Pay particular attention to personal health and hygiene. Damage to sewers, a shortage of clean drinking water and poor sanitary conditions will increase the risk of you succumbing to diarrhoea and dysentery. Carry a standby diarrhoea treatment kit. This kit is also recommended if you are involved in the aid effort in the flood affected areas.

·    There is a risk of leptospirosis in these flood-affected areas.

·    After floods and heavy rains the incidence of , malaria, dengue fever and other insect-borne diseases can sometimes increase. Please seek further advice if you plan to travel in the coming weeks.

For further advice please click on the related information topics on the right hand panel of this screen.

Sources

·    Reliefweb

·    International Committee of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

·    Reuters Alert Net

·    United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

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